When you have a farm or garden to look after, there are plenty of factors you need to take care of. Paying keen attention only to watering and not enough to adding fertilizers might not give you the perfect yield. Controlling pest attack is also equally important to keep your green world running with all the robustness to it. People often rely on the unhealthy ways of fighting the pests, but that could destroy the quality of the produce. Organic methods exist for a reason, and you need to switch to these ideas so that everything around you stays healthy. Here are some of the major organic techniques to control your garden.
1. Floating Row Covers
By acting as a barrier to insects, these white, translucent, polyester fabrics is an excellent remedy to get rid of pests. The fabric also allows around 80 per cent of the available light to enter the plant. Both lightweight and heavyweight types are available in the market. Make sure you use the lighter one in summer since it can help in keeping out the bugs without cooking the crops. Use the heavier ones for season-extending because it traps more warmth. Cut the material to the required length and drape it over metal hoops. You have to wrap it around the cages or lay it on the plant. It can act as a protective blanket to your garden by restricting the mobile pests from entering the vicinity. If you want to deal with the pests that overwinter, combines the row cover method with crop rotation.
2. Pheromone Traps
Pheromones are produced by insects to attract the opposite sex, and this is the smell that lays a trap for them too. These scents have been duplicated by scientists to place them as a bait. You can use them for the early warnings of a particular pest approaching your area, but they wouldn’t be ideal for fighting the insects once they have started the attack because these scents can only be used to lure the male insects. When the first sign warns you about a peril, you need to start planning your execution tactics.
3. Sticky Traps
These are traps that are made of a colored material coated with a sticky substance, which can attract the insects that are attached to that particular color. Make sure to use the traps every 3 to 5 feet; they also need to be sticky and clean to be effective. Use white traps for cucumber beetles, plant bugs, whiteflies, and flea beetles. Yellow is best for the fruit flies, leafhoppers, midges, fungus gnats, male winged scales, winged aphids, thrips, and psyllids.
4. Insecticidal Soap
The skin (cuticle) of the insects will dissolve by using these soaps that contain unsaturated long-chain fatty acids. Make sure that you apply the liquid to the plant when the insect is highly likely to latch onto it. The soap wouldn’t have the same effect when the liquid has dried off. Also, rinse the soap off your plant in a few hours if the plant is exposed to excessive sunshine.